Scholarship on Spinoza in the last decade has increasingly recognized that he opposed the observational (empirical) and mathematical analyses of nature.
He lived out his life at his comfortable rural estate, Villa Il Gioiello, on the hillside outskirts of Florence.
The medieval idea of burning people because of their religious beliefs is horrific, but it only adds to the tragedy to say Bruno’s death illustrates the warfare between faith and science.
Bruno was not executed for his view that we live in a vast universe with vast numbers of planets.
To advance the false conception that science is always in conflict with religious tradition, some influential scientists and science popularizers tell us stories about the past and the present.