Laufmann and Glicksman point to essential systems within systems within systems — irreducible complexity cubed, if you will.
There is no cause in the universe that is known to have such a capacity of foresight other than intelligent design.
Human reproduction is perhaps the quintessential example of teleology in biology.
The first exhibit is Lenski’s long-term evolution experiment, in which, after some 33,000 generations, bacterial cells evolved the ability to grow on citrate.
Unguided natural processes, according to the generalized Second Law, cannot systematically increase the information content of a closed system over time.