No matter what we do to the DNA of a fruit fly embryo, there are only three possible outcomes: a normal fruit fly, a defective fruit fly, or a dead fruit fly.
What, exactly, does “consciousness” or “feel and think” mean when applied to a bee? This usage is no remote outpost.
Darwinism is committed to evolution happening gradually, one step at a time, by single mutational changes.
James Shapiro’s recent paper points out, with examples, that bacteria meet the Oxford English Dictionary’s definition of “cognitive.”
Transposable elements modify gene regulation in maize to confer drought tolerance, alter flowering time, and enable plants to grow in toxic aluminum soils.