The junk DNA paradigm may have caused us to miss the precise DNA that helps makes a species unique.
RNA genes have many functions but a large proportion entail gene regulation-related functions that fall within the category of epigenetics.
John Mattick uses the language of historian of science Thomas Kuhn to predict that we are witnessing a “paradigm shift” away from the concept of junk DNA.
A new theory “emerges first in the mind of one or a few individuals” but then it spreads because the field faces “crisis-provoking problems.”
A null hypothesis, such as expecting the absence of function in non-coding DNA, reveals a presupposition that biases one’s interpretation of the evidence.