Harari’s conjecture — “There are no gods” — forms the very basis for everything he says in the rest of the book.
The taproot in question is Darwinism, which “addles the mind” of the Woke elite, the “Ivy-schooled primitives,” whom Zmirak compares with cargo cults.
The practice has a sordid history. There’s always a rationale — for example, in labeling Israeli businesses, or those doing business with Israel, to be avoided.
Quite honestly, I think we should be grateful to people like Coyne and Hawking, who carry materialism to its logical conclusions.
Without free will, there is no guilt and there is no innocence. There are merely animals to be managed.