What if there is genuine directionality in mutation? An important paper addresses the subject.
It’s fine to search through random results for an outcome you’re aiming for. Just don’t call it Darwinian evolution.
Even James Lovelock, who created Gaia Theory, now worries that environmentalism has become a religion.
Perhaps the evidence for the vast scope of Darwin’s theory really isn’t as strong as biologists over the years have been telling each other.
What is it, metaphysically one might say, that distinguishes design in the ID sense from ubiquitous teleological design, in a Thomistic sense?