No longer think of proteins as isolated parts in a cell. Think of them as friends networking and participating together in a community.
Throughout this paper, Stuart Burgess emphasizes the supremacy of natural systems over human-engineered ones.
The originators of the concept were two 19th-century British philosopher-scientists, John Stuart Mill and George Henry Lewes.
The core argument of neo-Darwinism is, simply, that evolution, and life on Earth, are the result of random, aka, purposeless chemical reactions.
If you are a pine tree, you need to have antifreeze in your needles if you are rooted beyond certain latitudes or elevations.