A memory of past events helps a cell learn how to respond to recurring threats and protect the genome.
The human organ shortage is one of the great bioethical dilemmas of our time. Expanding the organ supply is a matter of life and death.
“The case that human language develops step by step through natural selection is weakened by the fact that no single language gene has ever been discovered.”
Wisnton Ewert has developed a model to explain the pattern of similarities in different organisms which mimics how computer applications inherit software from a diverse range of lower-level modules.
In “real time” they show the function of an enhancer in switching a gene from off to on.