My documentary only tells one part of the story of racism, and only a part of the story of Social Darwinism’s influence on Western imperialism.
“Scholars have wasted their time trying to exonerate Darwin of responsibility for Social Darwinism, for he was a Social Darwinist.”
The book paints Herbert Spencer as the eugenics-championing bad guy and posits that Darwin and Darwinism had little influence on Hitler’s master race ethic.
Ideas do indeed have consequences, but not all ideas play out the same way or weave their way in the history of ideas toward the same destination.
O’Connell and Ruse’s failure to engage deeply and fully with the historiography of this question makes it hard to take their effort seriously.