If organisms resulted from haphazard undirected processes, their design constraints would be few and highly flexible.
Systems biology is taking the biological world by storm, an approach that treats biological systems as optimally or near-optimally engineered systems.
There’s a time for gentle and friendly conversations with atheist and Darwinian interlocutors, and a time for a more, shall we say, pugilistic approach.
Transposable elements modify gene regulation in maize to confer drought tolerance, alter flowering time, and enable plants to grow in toxic aluminum soils.
They appear in the early Cambrian fossil record: the first examples of the most diverse phylum on earth. Who knew their skills would become the envy of human engineers?