Just as vertebrates differ greatly in intelligence and sentience, invertebrates may differ greatly too.
The “animals’ pharmacy” mainly aims at treating parasites and wounds using plants and insects.
NYU environmentalism prof Jeff Sebo argues that humans are not always rational and that some animals display mental qualities so we aren’t exceptional.
University of Kyoto scientists found that they can indeed remember, provided they live in the same household.
Ants, fruit flies, and even plants can also calculate but it does not follow that they are conscious of what they are doing.