Plants are icons of sustainability. They create critical products for other living organisms while utilizing waste products.
Plants mine energy from a primary source (sun) and transform that energy into a secondary source (sugar).
Photosynthesis has been criticized as inefficient. Why? Because it is assumed to be the product of a mindless evolutionary process.
Species are surrounded by other species (often sharing the same body), and therefore may interfere with one another’s fitness.
Eric Bapteste, a researcher at Sorbonne University, just co-authored a review discussing genetic change in the context of aging.