As Thomas Nagel would argue today, any theory of evolution that excludes the origin of mind and consciousness from consideration is at best half a theory.
As I read through the scientific literature of evolutionary biology to try and convince myself of its accuracy and coherence, I was struck by the frequency with which I encountered “religious” language.
Theodosius Dobzhansky and Ashley Montagu wrote in 1947, “Race differences arise chiefly because of the differential action of natural selection on geographically separate populations.”
I recently traveled to San Diego to attend the annual meeting of the American Academy of Religion.
We know that Darwinian evolution has a long and sordid history of entanglement with issues of race, racism, and eugenics.