An honest evaluation of the studies leads to the conclusion that the formation of RNA could not have occurred through any natural processes on the early earth.
There are some biologists, such as Richard Dawkins, who still pin their faith in ideas which have resulted only in blankly negative experimental results.
Novella is a prominent atheist who jumped at the chance to promote the secular creation narrative of life’s origin.
Replication or transcription of DNA stresses the macromolecule, resulting in supercoiling. Topoisomerase II relieves the stress.
There is a cookbook being proposed for “prebiotic soup recipes” — that is, combinations of non-living chemicals plausibly present on the early Earth.