There’s more going on in DNA and cells than the old Central Dogma predicted. The time has come to look beyond genes.
Jumping genes used to be dismissed as junk DNA which in turn was held to be slam-dunk evidence for unguided evolutionary processes.
A review of the topoisomerase family of molecular machines that repair DNA ignores where they came from. Another article tries but has no answers.
When a stem cell divides, one daughter cell must maintain its stemness while the other specializes. Therein lies another truckload of requirements.
Functionality for junk DNA is prevalent, and was successfully predicted by intelligent design.