The extent of habitable space within all space can serve as a determinant of the plausibility of naturalism vs intelligent design.
Many materialists believe that the severe unlikelihood of the series of events required for the origin of life is not a serious problem.
“Webb has revealed the unambiguous signature of water, indications of haze, and evidence for clouds that were thought not to exist based on prior observations”
So how did the paper determine that photosynthesis has an “overall simplicity,” despite the complexity just described?
The stability of atoms, stars, and people depends on finely tuned physical laws and constants in the local universe. But are they fixed throughout space and time?