Jeremey England explained his conjecture that the flow of energy through a chemical system could cause it to self-organize in such a way as to move toward life.
Professor Hansma maintains that sets of integrated reactions could have been directed by natural selection to gradually evolve into an autonomous cell.
My interlocutor was Helen Hansma who pioneered the mica-sheet origin-of-life model.
As Yale’s David Gelernter has said of Darwinism, to challenge it is to “take your life in your hands.”
The piece is highly technical and mathematical, but the basic argument can be quickly summarized with only a marginal loss of technical accuracy.