In Copernicus’ day, the Earth was thought to be at the bottom of the universe, the “sump” where all the filth collected.
The oversimplification here is staggering (Darwin and women’s rights?!) and would take an entire book to unpack.
Tyson ends his summary of cosmic history with a soaring narrative focused on earth. It sounds like the exalted prose of the book of Genesis.
Scholarship on Spinoza in the last decade has increasingly recognized that he opposed the observational (empirical) and mathematical analyses of nature.
During the Q&A, an attendee asked why intelligent design proponents don’t just come out and explicitly say the designer is God.