Living cells employ forward-thinking and backward-thinking strategies. Both strategies require planning outside the immediate situation.
A lesser-known rotary engine within cells is responsible for a substantial portion of gases and nutrients that sustain the biosphere.
Capturing the interior parts of a cell in their complex relationships took a lot of work, but some researchers have set a new high bar for biophysical imaging.
An automated engineering system presupposes a designer with foresight and a mind that understands how to make things work.
“Convergent evolution” is not a process. It is a post-hoc observation based on evolutionary assumptions.