In recent years, MIT physicist Jeremy England has gained media attention for proposing a thermodynamic energy-dissipation model of the origin of life.
For some theorists, the origin of life is defined as the natural origin of a self-replicating system capable of undergoing Darwinian evolution.
In the 1970s, biochemist Sidney Fox and colleagues believed they had uncovered primitive cell membrane-like structures called protenoid microspheres.
Assume for a moment that there was some way to produce simple organic molecules on the early Earth.
Louis Pasteur showed that what appeared to be life springing forth from nonliving matter was actually life emerging from exceedingly small living organisms.