The research paper avers, “These results support the capability of molecular replicators to spontaneously develop complexity through Darwinian evolution.”
Replication or transcription of DNA stresses the macromolecule, resulting in supercoiling. Topoisomerase II relieves the stress.
Scientifically speaking, the Miller experiment was a non-starter. Then when the atmosphere they used was called into question, the icon was doubly dead.
There’s a problem that biologists have long pondered — how do proteins find other proteins within the cell that they are supposed to interact with?
This continues an evaluation of a proposal that treats natural selection as a law of physics that is applicable to the entire universe.