As Thomas Nagel would argue today, any theory of evolution that excludes the origin of mind and consciousness from consideration is at best half a theory.
As I read through the scientific literature of evolutionary biology to try and convince myself of its accuracy and coherence, I was struck by the frequency with which I encountered “religious” language.
Theodosius Dobzhansky and Ashley Montagu wrote in 1947, “Race differences arise chiefly because of the differential action of natural selection on geographically separate populations.”
Amidst all this chest thumping over neo-Darwinian certainties, doubts are unmistakably on the rise.
As University of Texas political philosopher J. Budziszewski points out, some scientists modify their message on evolution when speaking to the teachers.