The rule, as he explains, is arbitrary. True, the designing agent inferred by ID theory is not directly observable, but neither are the elementary particles.
If the universe were a radio and the desired setting allows for life, it would have dozens of dials for setting the values of the universal constants.
These abstract concepts don’t derive from the material world, yet we feel impoverished without them; they’re foundations of a life worth living.
Truth, beauty, and goodness are abstract concepts that correspond to our deepest desires. They are not likely to have evolved by a neo-Darwinian process.
Materialists claim that neuroscience has demonstrated that free will is an illusion.