In effect, protein engineers are using the power of random change plus intelligent design to see what if anything will improve function.
There is one point of confusion in descriptions of this year’s prize winners. It’s the talk of “directed evolution.”
Trilobites look up silently from their Burgess Shale rock slabs, with sad eyes, asking, “Where did I come from?”
The “selectivity filters” in membrane channels of living cells are able to discriminate between very similar molecules or atoms using complex mechanisms.
Cancer proves evolution only insofar as one forgets, or pretends not to know, what evolution is supposed to explain.