The activists are right about one thing. Rights of nature would be far more effective in impeding development and extracting wealth from the land than the current system.
I’m interested in “science as a cultural domain,” too. And here’s a great illustration of how the culture changes.
Environmentalism is growing increasingly anti-capitalist and anti-human.
Even James Lovelock, who created Gaia Theory, now worries that environmentalism has become a religion.
Note that “peaceful enjoyment by the inhabitants” is a very broad term that is not limited to human beings. Rather, it includes everything from grass, fish, and insects, to mice, snakes, and people.