It is hard to fathom that such a highly complex, hierarchical mechanism of information storage on a microscopic scale could come about purely by chance.
So how did the paper determine that photosynthesis has an “overall simplicity,” despite the complexity just described?
According to Erika DeBenedictis, “one of the big limitations of biology are the basic building blocks themselves.”
The secret is to restrict one’s explanations for life to unguided natural events. Once that decision has been made, everything else flows deductively from it.
A paper illustrates the action of DNA loop extrusion processes, which serve multiple functions to maintain the genome, with an interesting graphic: gears.