Evolutionists now increasingly believe that major adaptations are driven by neutral mutations.
We are nearing a half-century since Eigen wrote about this paradox, and it “still challenges theoretical biologists.”
In a previous article I described the evidence that cooption faces insurmountable mathematical challenges in explaining the origins of such complex molecular machines as the bacterial flagellum.
Leading lights in origin-of-life research share their work and thoughts in a series of open-access articles about chemical evolution.
In effect, protein engineers are using the power of random change plus intelligent design to see what if anything will improve function.