This is amazing! Here we have multiple meanings being read from one stretch of digital code.
Protesting such a thing, not protesting against the people who protest against it, should be the norm, not the rare exception.
Lang and Rice cite a number of articles to show that loss-of-function mutations are just a small minority of those found in studies of organisms.
A paper likens the proteome to a language with a “quasi-universal grammar” possessing the minimum complexity necessary to function as a cell.
It is a difficult question because, setting aside many other problems, the very starting point — the protein-coding gene — is highly complex.