Wallace broke with Darwin and became, arguably, the founding father of modern intelligent design theory.
A primary reason why many biologists never question the standard evolutionary model is their very limited training in mathematics.
Dawes and Smith say they’re simply describing (as a “matter of fact”) the history of science.
The issue comes down to the creative power of the unguided evolutionary mechanism, or the lack of it.
In 1929, child psychologist Jean Piaget called children “artificialists” who tend to regard everything as “the product of human creation.”