Admittedly, that may come as a surprise to Elon Musk, but I think Robert Marks defends the argument with a certain persuasive mischievousness.
“If people design computer viruses, someone will design AI that improves and replicates itself. This will be a new form of life which outperforms humans,” warns Stephen Hawking.
Rather than get all caught up in esoteric musing, I suggest an entry level test for determining whether an entity has any moral value.
The argument here for intelligent design could not be simpler or clearer.
Marks’s new book, Introduction to Evolutionary Informatics, makes an important but esoteric-sounding field accessible to the general reader.